Hiroshi Azechi is awarded the Edward Teller Medal for demonstration of ICF high-density compression, for research of fast heating with short pulse lasers, and for quantitative investigation on Rayleigh-Taylor instability.
Hiroshi Azechi, Director of the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, is recognized for his continued contributions to ICF using direct drive, cannonball and fast ignition approaches, to research in Rayleigh-Taylor instability, and to developing short pulse lasers for ICF research. After receiving his PhD from Osaka University in 1979, Hiroshi joined Osaka University and later Institute of Laser Engineering at Osaka University becoming Director in 2009. His early research in ICF included innovative use of fusion reaction products for diagnosing ICF implosions and experiments that produced the highest density implosions at the time. He has performed a number of experiments studying Rayleigh-Taylor instability in direct drive targets and methods for controlling and reducing their effects. He has been the leader of the Fast Ignition Realization Experiment (FIREX) that successfully completed the highest energy petaWatt laser (LFEX) and has begun conducting fast ignition experiments. Hiroshi has published more than 280 technical papers and has received several awards and achievements including the Daiwa Adrian Prize and the Progress Prize of the Laser Society of Japan.
Jie Zhang is awarded the Edward Teller Medal in recognition of his significant contributions to the study of generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas relevant to ICF and reproduction of astrophysical processes.
Jie Zhang, President of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, has made major contributions to understanding laser-plasma interactions including fast electron generation and propagation by high intensity short pulse lasers. Jie received his PhD from the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science in 1988. He joined the Max-Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Germany as a Humboldt fellow for research in x-ray lasers and laser plasma interactions. He continued his research in these areas at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and the University of Oxford from 1990 to 1998. He returned to China to establish a new research laboratory at the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science successfully building a series of short pulse lasers for laser-plasma research. His work on short pulse laser-plasma interactions has led to an understanding of the role of laser prepulse and self-focusing on fast electron generation. He and collaborators have used high-powered lasers to successfully create conditions resembling the vicinity of black holes and model the loop-top x-ray source and reconnection overflow in solar flares. Dr. Zhang has published over 200 papers in international scientific journals. He has received numerous awards and achievements including Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Science and Foreign Member of the Royal Academy of Engineering.
Edward Teller Awards Committee (Prior recipients)
Stefano Atzeni, Italy; Nikolai G. Basov, Russia (deceased); Riccardo Bettii, USA; Michael Campbell, USA; Robert Dautray, France; Larry R. Foreman, USA (deceased); Christine Garban-Labaune, France; Steven W. Haan, USA; James Hammer, USA; Heinrich Hora, Australia; Michael H. Key, England; Joseph D. Kilkenny, USA; Gennady A. Kirillov, Russia (deceased); John D. Lindl, USA; Robert L. McCrory, USA; Juergen Meyer-ter-Vehn, Germany; George H. Miley, USA; Kunioki Mima, Japan; Edward Moses, USA; Sadao Nakai, Japan; John H. Nuckolls, USA; Richard Petrasso, USA; Bruce A. Remington, USA; Mordecai D. Rosen, USA; Dov Shvarts, Israel; Laurance Suter, USA; Max Tabak, USA; Hideaki Takabe, Japan; Brian Thomas, England; Guillermo Velarde, Spain; Chiyoe Yamanaka,Japan; and George B. Zimmerman, USA.